Istanbul Divorce is a globally recognized Turkish family law firm with a long record of excellence and professional leadership in Istanbul, Turkey. Our Turkish divorce compensation law lawyers are prepared to handle divorce cases, from a simple no-contest divorce proceeding to a complicated divorce with significant property and children. Our divorce lawyers also represent our clients in other family law issues including; contested divorce, uncontested divorce, alimony, compensation, child custody, child support, recognition of foreign divorce decree, and other family law litigation.
Istanbul Divorce is an award winning and successful Turkish family law firm that specialize in Family Law. Our Turkish divorce lawyers have an outstanding success record with over 90% of cases successful in Court in 1992 to date. We know our law, our lawyers care about your case and we will stop at nothing to make sure you are safely taken to the next chapter of your life with maximized results and minimized damage.
Turkish Divorce Compensation Law
Section 174 of the Turkish Civil Law orders as follows: “If the faultless or less faulty partner’s existing or expected interests are damaged by dissolution of marriage, that partner will be entitled to claim an appropriate material compensation from the other partner. If the personality of one of the partners has been assaulted due to the events which led to dissolution of marriage, that partner will be entitled to claim an appropriate moral compensation from the other spouse.” A stare decisis by the 2nd Department of Turkish Supreme Court orders that “Adultery is considered an assault of personality, therefore the court must order the faulty partner to pay moral compensation to the faultless partner as part of its order for dissolution of marriage”.
However, another stare decisis by the 2nd Department of Turkish Supreme Court orders that if the wife applies to the court to ask for serving a legal notice on her deserting husband, the said application will be considered that the wife has pardoned her husband for the events that happened before the date of the said legal notice. Therefore the husband will no longer be considered faulty and the court will not order the husband to pay a material or moral compensation to the wife. If the husband insulted his wife, he will be considered faulty and such fault will be considered a legal ground for divorce.
In summary, if any of the events that lead to dissolution of marriage assaulted the personality of the petitioner, the petitioner will be entitled to claim a moral compensation from the faulty respondent. However, if one of the partners insults the other partner but the other partner reacts to such insult or has caused the first partner to commit such insult, it will be a different situation, as ordered by Turkish Supreme Court as follows: “Evidence collected in the case file indicate that the respondent insulted her husband and that the husband, in response, beat up his wife and throw her out of their house. Therefore, the wife is not faultless or less faulty, but equally faulty with regard to the events which lead to dissolution of marriage, so that the court will not order the husband to pay a moral compensation to the wife.”
In conclusion, a partner will be entitled to receive a material compensation only if he/she is faultless or less faulty, the other partner is faulty, a damage has been suffered, and the law has been violated.
One needs to be faultless to be entitled to moral compensation. Moral compensation is a means used for restoring the upset moral balance of one of the partners. If the other partner is faulty, the first partner will be entitled to receive such moral compensation. However, the proof of burden for violation of one’s moral rights remains with the partner who alleges such violation. If the petitioner fails to prove the event which violated his/her personal rights, the petitioner will not be entitled to a moral compensation.
Turkish Legal Grounds for Divorce
Legal grounds for dissolution of marriage are divided into two groups: special and general. Sections 161 to 166 of the Turkish Civil Law Code define those legal grounds as follows: the special legal grounds are adultery, deliberate attempt to kill, maltreatment, humiliating behavior, committing a crime, unreasonable behavior, desertion, mental disease; the general legal grounds are incompatibility, coming to a mutual agreement on divorce, and living apart for three years after an application for dissolution of marriage has been denied by the court. Once a Family Court makes its decision, it can be appealed at First Instance Appeal Court (Bolge Istinaf Mahkemesi) after that it can be appealed at Turkish Supreme Court (Yargitay).
Reach us for Turkish Divorce Compensation Law
Turkish divorce process can be complicated and drawn out, especially for parents and high-net-worth individuals. Divorcing couples must take many steps to reach for a divorce. If you are seeking legal representation in your divorce, our lawyers will guide you through the process. Since its foundation in 1992, Istanbul Divorce Turkish Family Law Firm has been the choice of numerous clients in Istanbul, Turkey. Thanks to its nationally recognized family lawyers, our firm is now one of the leading family law firms in Turkey. You may reach us for Turkish divorce compensation law through our Contact page.